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Experts in Education

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In the previous post on immigrants, wages and employment, I explained that there is no empirical evidence that shows that immigrants put significant pressure on wages or that they take away jobs from native workers. Why then is the belief that immigrants lower wages so widespread? Let me start off by giving an example. The theory comes next. In 2015, Stephen Nickel and Jumana Saleheen authored a paper that has been heralded by Brexiters as evidence that EU immigration undermines native British wages....

The Kula ring is one of the most celebrated and most discussed cases in anthropology. Bronislav Malinowski, one of anthropology’s founding fathers, wrote a path-breaking study on the Kula ring, the seminal Argonauts of the Western Pacific (1922). Marcel Mauss argued in The Gift (1925) that the Kula ring is an outstanding example of reciprocity within a ceremonial gift economy. Karl Polanyi repeated the claim in The Great Transformation:   “We describe (the Kula ring) as trade though no profit...

Three years ago, there was a chance to change European politics for the better. It was not long after the Greek debacle. The Troika - the Commission, the IMF and the ECB – had forced Greece on its knees. As a consequence of their ‘reforms’, wages fell by up to 40%, savage cuts were implemented in social welfare, pensions, health care and education. The lucrative part of Greek infrastructure – including the harbour of Thessaloniki...

As the rhetoric goes, immigrants take low paid jobs from natives (implying that they are hard workers) or, else, that they are ‘benefit tourists’ (implying that they are lazy and dishonest). Let’s have a look.   Rawtorn and Ruzicka reviewed twenty academic empirical studies in order to determine the effect of immigrants on native workers in Europe and the Middle East between 1990 and 2015 (see here). They conclude that there is little evidence to support the claim that refugees...